SharePoint Framework (SPFx) is a development framework provided by Microsoft for customizing and extending SharePoint Online and SharePoint on-premises. It allows developers to build client-side web parts, extensions, and other customizations using modern web technologies such as TypeScript, React, and more. Here are the key aspects of SharePoint development with SPFx:
To start customizing SharePoint using the SharePoint Framework (SPFx), follow these steps:
Set up your development environment:
- Ensure you have Node.js installed on your machine.
- Install Yeoman, Gulp, and the Yeoman SharePoint generator globally by running the following command in a command prompt or terminal
npm install -g yo gulp @microsoft/generator-sharepoint
Create a new SharePoint Framework project:
- Open a command prompt or terminal and navigate to the folder where you want to create your project.
- Run the following command to scaffold a new SharePoint Framework project:
Follow the prompts to provide project details such as the project name, SharePoint version, and framework choice (React, TypeScript, etc.).
Build and test your project:
- Once the project is scaffolded, navigate into the project folder.
- Run the following command to install project dependencies:
Build the project by running:
Start the local development server using:
This will launch a local SharePoint Workbench where you can test your customizations.
Customize and extend SharePoint:
- In the project folder, you’ll find the “src” folder which contains the code files for your customizations.
- You can modify existing files or create new components, web parts, or extensions using the chosen framework (React, TypeScript, etc.).
- Use the SharePoint APIs, libraries, and available SPFx controls to interact with SharePoint data and services.
Package and deploy your customizations:
When you’re ready to deploy your customizations to SharePoint, build a production-ready package by running:
gulp bundle --ship gulp package-solution --ship
This will create a package file (.sppkg) that can be uploaded and deployed to your SharePoint App Catalog.
Upload and deploy the package:
- Open the SharePoint App Catalog site in your SharePoint Online tenant.
- Upload the generated package (.sppkg) to the App Catalog library.
- Approve and deploy the package to make it available for installation on SharePoint sites.
Remember to thoroughly test your customizations and follow best practices for development, security, and performance optimization.
SPFx provides a rich development framework with various capabilities, including building web parts, extensions, and more. Microsoft’s official documentation and community resources provide detailed guidance on different aspects of SPFx development, including specific customization scenarios and examples.
Microsoft provides extensive documentation, tutorials, samples, and a vibrant community for SharePoint Framework development. The official SharePoint Framework documentation (https://aka.ms/spfx) is a valuable resource to explore specific development scenarios, capabilities, and best practices.
Remember to follow security and governance best practices, thoroughly test your customizations, and ensure compatibility with future SharePoint updates.