SharePoint Online – Pros and Cons of using Document ID


The Document ID feature in SharePoint Online (SPO) offers a unique identifier for documents across a site collection, making it easier to reference and locate specific documents. However, like any feature, it comes with its own set of pros and cons.

Pros of Using Document ID Feature in SPO

  1. Persistent Identifiers: Document IDs provide a persistent identifier for documents, even if they are moved or renamed within the site collection. This makes it easier to reference documents consistently, especially in scenarios where document URLs may change.
  2. Consistency in Document Referencing: Document IDs remain consistent regardless of changes to document metadata or structure. This ensures that links to documents won’t break, improving user experience and reducing the likelihood of broken links.
  3. Searchability: Document IDs can be used as search criteria, allowing users to quickly locate specific documents across the site collection. This enhances discoverability and facilitates efficient document retrieval.
  4. Compliance and Records Management: In regulated industries or organizations with strict compliance requirements, Document IDs can play a crucial role in records management and audit trails. They provide a standardized way to identify and track documents for compliance purposes.
  5. Integration with Custom Solutions: Document IDs can be leveraged in custom solutions and workflows, enabling developers to build applications that rely on consistent document identification and referencing.

Cons of Using Document ID Feature in SPO

  1. Configuration Overhead: Enabling and configuring the Document ID feature requires administrative effort and may involve additional steps, especially for large or complex SharePoint environments. This includes activating the feature at the site collection level and configuring the Document ID settings.
  2. Potential Performance Impact: Although minimal, there may be a slight performance impact associated with the use of Document IDs, particularly in scenarios involving high document turnover or extensive use of search functionality. However, this impact is typically negligible for most deployments.
  3. Dependency on Unique ID Format: Document IDs follow a specific format (e.g., “DOCID-“), which may not align with existing naming conventions or preferences within an organization. This can lead to resistance from users accustomed to different naming conventions.
  4. Limited Granularity: Document IDs are generated at the document level and are unique within a site collection. However, they do not provide granularity beyond the site collection level, which may limit their usefulness in larger or more complex SharePoint deployments spanning multiple site collections.
  5. User Training and Adoption: Introducing Document IDs may require user training and communication to ensure adoption and understanding of their benefits. Resistance or confusion among users could hinder the successful implementation of the feature.


The Document ID feature in SharePoint Online offers several benefits, including persistent identifiers, consistency in document referencing, improved searchability, and support for compliance and records management. However, organizations should weigh these benefits against potential drawbacks, such as configuration overhead, performance considerations, and user adoption challenges, to determine whether the feature aligns with their specific requirements and objectives.

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